March 1, 2024

Pink Hat has introduced it can go all-in on Wayland with Pink Hat Enterprise Linux (RHEL) 10, dropping assist for Xorg server.

The X Window System has been the default show resolution for Linux for 3 a long time. Sadly, Xorg and X11 have grow to be a patchwork of code that make it troublesome to replace and add new options. In consequence, Wayland has been in improvement for the final 15 years as a substitute, with builders desperate to keep away from the problems which have led to the Xorg dead-end. The highway to Wayland has not been with out its personal challenges, nonetheless, which is why it nonetheless isn’t the default on my many Linux distros.

Pink Hat has been one of many largest maintainers of the previous Xorg code. In keeping with Carlos Soriano Sanchez, Software program Engineering Supervisor, that’s about to vary:

Earlier this yr (2023), as a part of our RHEL 10 planning, we made a examine to grasp Wayland’s standing, not solely from an infrastructure perspective, but in addition from an ecosystem perspective. The results of this analysis is that, whereas there are nonetheless some gaps and purposes that want some degree of adaptation, we consider the Wayland infrastructure and ecosystem are in fine condition, and that we’re on a very good path for the recognized blockers to be resolved by the point RHEL 10 is out, deliberate to be launched on the primary half of 2025.

With this, we’ve determined to take away Xorg server and different X servers (besides Xwayland) from RHEL 10 and the next releases. Xwayland ought to be capable of deal with most X11 shoppers that gained’t instantly be ported to Wayland, and if wanted, our prospects will be capable of keep on RHEL 9 for its full life cycle whereas resolving the specifics wanted for transitioning to a Wayland ecosystem. It’s necessary to notice that “Xorg Server” and “X11” are usually not synonymous, X11 is a protocol that can proceed to be supported via Xwayland, whereas the Xorg Server is without doubt one of the implementations of the X11 protocol.

As Sanchez factors out, there are nonetheless gaps in Wayland’s performance, though these are quickly carefully. These gaps have, nonetheless, brought about some builders to carry off from adopting Wayland. Pink Hat’s announcement ought to function a transparent message that Xorg’s days are numbered and Wayland is the longer term.

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